It is possible to evaluate the general state of health through observation of the characteristics of the nails, because the most severe health problems are able to alter the process of growth and development of nails.
Therefore, to assess the health through of the nails, the more important it is to keep the nail without any type of glaze, since it is the only way to properly evaluate all the features of the nail, such as brightness, color, shape and texture, for example.
If it is possible to identify changes in the normal characteristics of the nails, it is recommended to consult a dermatologist to make a diagnosis of the problem and start the proper treatment.
The main changes of the nails reveal health problems
1. The nails yellowish
The nails yellowish can indicate various kinds of problems, from fungal infection, psoriasis, diabetes, or stains caused by cigarette smoke, in the case of smokers, for example. See how to treat psoriasis: Treatment for psoriasis.
What to do: it is advised to consult the dermatologist to evaluate the presence of fungal infection or psoriasis on the nail and start the appropriate treatment, especially when it’s not a smoker.
2. Brittle nails and dry
Brittle nails and dry are those that break or chip very easily and are usually related with the natural aging process or with the excess of manicure in the salon. However, it can also be a sign of deficiency of vitamin A, B, or C, since they are responsible for producing a protein that gives strength to the nails.
What to do: it is recommended to give rest to the nail and avoid doing manicure for about 2 weeks. However, if the problem persists, it is important to consult a dermatologist to assess whether there is a deficiency of vitamins. Check out some foods with vitamin A: Foods rich in vitamin The.
3. White spots on the nails
The white spots on the nails are usually small and difficult to remove, arising mainly due to strokes or injuries on the nail, how to hit the nail on the wall or remove cuticles.
What to do: you must leave the nail to grow naturally until the white patches disappear. However, if the stain remains the same over several weeks is advised to consult your dermatologist because it can be a sign of infection by fungi.
4. Nails blue
The nails bluish, generally, are a sign of lack of oxygenation of the tip of the fingers and, therefore, are a symptoms normal if you’re in a cold environment, for example. However, if the blue color arise at other times, can indicate circulatory problems, breathing or heart.
What to do: it is recommended to consult a dermatologist or cardiologist if the problem appears frequently, take a long time to disappear or appear other symptoms.See what symptoms to be aware of: Symptoms of heart disease.
5. Nails with dark lines
The dark lines under the nail are common in people with dark skin, however, when they arise suddenly or develop over time may indicate the growth of a sign under the nail, and may be one of the first symptoms of cancer of the skin. Explore more at: Signs of skin cancer.
What to do: it is advised to immediately consult a dermatologist if the spot appear suddenly, or develop over time, changing color, size or shape.
6. Nails facing up
The nails facing up are a sign that the circulation is not able to reach properly to the center of the nail, and may, therefore, be a symptom of iron-deficiency, heart problems or hypothyroidism, for example.
What to do: you should consult a dermatologist or a general practitioner to do blood tests and identify if it is a nutritional deficiency that is causing the problem or if there is a problem in the thyroid or the heart.
In addition to these issues, other changes less frequent is the appearance of small holes or grooves in the nail that are typically related to trauma in the nail how to hold the finger in the door, for example. However, if it has not happened any trauma to the nail, can also be a sign of diabetes, hormonal changes, excess stress, or problems in the thyroid and, therefore, it is advised to consult the dermatologist or the general physician.