Which are Europe's largest countries? We list
Europe's largest countries by population and by area. To
a large extent, this may be what is expected, but some
countries are surprising. For example, where do you
think Sweden ends up on the lists?
EUROPE'S LARGEST COUNTRIES BY POPULATION
A few days ago we wrote a list of Europe's largest
cities, which made us curious to explore which are
Europe's largest countries. We first list Europe's
largest countries by population. We start at place
number 10 and count down to place number 1. For a
complete list of countries in Europe, see
We have counted on both Russia and Turkey because
these countries are partly located in Europe, and
because they are included in several lists of Europe's
most populous countries. Sweden is not in the top 10,
but would end up in place 17 (if you count Kazakhstan to
Europe, otherwise in place 16).
In 10th place is Romania, with 19 million residents
(2017). The largest city in Romania is Bucharest, with
around 2.1 million residents.
Poland has a population of just over 38 million
(2017), making it one of the ten largest countries in
Europe when it comes to population. The largest city is
Warsaw with 1.7 million residents.
About 42 million people live in Ukraine (2017), which
means that Ukraine ends up in eighth place. The largest
city is Kiev with just over 2.9 million residents.
Spain is home to around 46 million people (2017),
making Spain a major European country. The largest city
is Madrid with 3.2 million residents.
The Italians are around 60 million (2016), which
takes them to a sixth place on this list. The largest
city is Rome with just over 2.8 million residents.
5. GREAT BRITAIN
In the UK, around 65 million people live (2016) and
the English are thus almost as many as the French. The
largest city is London with 9.1 million residents.
The French are around 67 million (2018), which makes
France one of Europe's largest countries when it comes
to population. The largest city in France is Paris with
just over 2.1 million residents.
Turkey has around 79 million residents (2016) and
the country therefore ends up in place three on the
list. At the same time, it must be mentioned that most
of the country is actually in Asia. The largest city in
Turkey is Istanbul with 15 million residents.
Germany has around 82 million residents (2017),
which means that this country ends up in an honorable
second place. The largest city in Germany is Berlin with
about 3.7 million residents.
Russia has around 146 million residents (2017) and
is thus by far the most populous country in Europe. On
the other hand, of course, not all of these residents
live in Europe, as the country extends across both
Europe and Asia. The largest city in Russia is Moscow
with just over 13.1 million residents.
EUROPE'S LARGEST COUNTRIES BY AREA
Which are Europe's largest countries if you look at
the surface then? Some countries are large both in terms
of area and population, but there are also some large,
but sparsely populated countries… such as Sweden! We
start with the tenth largest country in terms of area
and count down to number 1. In this list, we have
included the countries that are included in Wikipedia's
list, which includes Russia but not Turkey (which has
most of its area in Asia).
The boot-shaped country Italy ranks 10th on the list
of Europe's largest countries in area, with an area of
Poland is a large country, both in terms of
population and surface area. The country has an area of
312,685 km2 and thus ends up in place
Our neighboring country Finland is sometimes called
the land of a thousand lakes and has an area of
338,145 km2, which is enough for an
eighth place on the list.
Germany is one of the most populous countries, but in
terms of area, the country ends up only in place number
7, with 357,050 km2.
In sixth place is our beautiful neighboring country
Norway, with fjords, mountains and a total area of
In fifth place comes… Sweden! Our "small" country is
not so small when it comes to surface area, but is a
full 449,964 km2.
Spain is in fourth place among Europe's largest
countries with 498,468 km2. The Canary
Islands are not included in this area.
The third largest country to the surface is France
with 551,695 km2. In this area, the
overseas territories of France are not included.
The second largest country in Europe to the surface
is Ukraine, with 603,700 km2. Then the
country has still lost some area as the Crimean
peninsula became Russian.
Russia is by far the largest country in Europe, with
an area of 3,960,000 km2. As such, most
of the country is not in Europe, but in Asia.